Overview

Injury is always a damage of the internal architecture of the body, tissue architecture. The presence of injury is associated with the loss of functionality, completeness and freedom of movements, with the appearance of pain, neurological symptoms and edema.

When you need to see a doctor

It is recommended to see a doctor or specialist immediately, especially in the case of open wound or fracture, in order to avoid getting infections and possible complications. Practice has shown that the earlier person asked for help, the easier the treatment goes and the more favorable results can be expected.

Types ofinjuries

– Open and closed fractures
– Stretches of muscles, ligaments and tendons
– Dislocations of joints
– Traumatic brain injuries
– Injuries associated with road accidents
– Postoperative injuries
– Birth injuries
– Rupture of soft tissues
– Bruises
– Frostbites and sunburns
– Electric shocks and radiation exposures
– Neurological injuries
– Sports injuries

Diagnosis

Usually traumatologic diagnosis is quite straightforward. Since there is a specific action or non-action, which was followed by the injury. But there are cases where the diagnostic picture is very difficult because of the severe pain, bad memory of the patient or multiple tissues damage.

Diagnostics include active (the patient makes movements himself) and passive (the therapist makes movements for the patient) examinations, as well as the use of special tests (muscular, functional and neurological). If the therapist believes that your symptoms cause fear, you can be sent for examination to the hospital, diagnostic center or to the family doctor.

Treatment

Everything depends on the degree and recentness of damage of the tissues, penetration depth, level of pain and other factors. Possible treatment methods: manual methods of treatment, medical massage, acupuncture, vacuum cupping therapy, lymph drainage.

Medical massage is a treatment option of soft and deep tissues, primarily focused on the change of soft tissues (skin, muscles, ligaments and joint capsule). Unlike general deep tissue massage, sports and Swedish massage, medical massage is focused on elimination of the specific dysfunction. Medical massage uses different methods to influence the locomotor and neuro-muscular system, such as: trigger points, traction-countertraction, post-isometric relaxation, visceral abdominal massage and others.

Acupuncture originates from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). This is the method of treatment whose history dates back more than 5000 years and which is still used today. Unlike intramuscular manual therapy, acupuncture is based on the idea of “body meridians” or energy flows, and works at the system level, affecting local and specified points. It is based on the use of needles, their length, direction and stimulation.

Cupping therapy is based on the vacuum effect caused by the local use of suction cups. The vacuum is created in the cup either by the air suction using a pump, or by burning sticks that are applied to this field for about 20 minutes. Many sportsmen use this technique for its ability to increase strength and endurance or tissues or during deoxidation program.

Lymph drainage is a general health-improving tool and is widely used for normalizing of lymph flows. The main principles of lymph drainage are: cleaning paths and pump-like movements. This increases the mechanism of internal absorption and improves the dynamic of fluid, reducing edema, relieving the area of edema from the inflammation and internal pressure on the tissues, which contributes to the speedy recovery.

Preventive measures

After a bruise, strongly rub the place of bruise. This will help to avoid excessive internal bleeding. The fact is that the human body is programmed by nature to the worst case scenario and does not make a difference between open and closed wounds and injuries. And for neutralizing of open damage, a lot of blood is required to close the wound. So the lion’s share of edema is it not a damage of the bone or soft tissues, it is the hyperreaction of the nervous system to neutralize the effects of the damage.

If the injury is recent, less than 48 hours, apply ice. But do it in the following way: take a bag of frozen vegetables or buy a special package of reusable ice and wrap them in a wet towel. Wet towel will help to avoid thermal burn. Keep it no more than 15 minutes, then repeat every 2 hours. This will slow down the blood flow and will facilitate rapid healing of damaged vessels. Keep the injured limb above the level of the body, it will facilitate lymph flow and will relieve your edema sooner.

Mobility is important, and moderate loads on the tissues are needed to prevent atrophy. Plus it stimulates the formation of new capillaries. Use bandages, Kinesio tapes, crutches. Any support would remove some of the load from the damaged tissues, thereby allowing them to recover.

If the injury is already long-present, it is recommended to apply heat and warming. You can use special ointments, infrared lamps or buy a special term package. This will speed up blood circulation and reduce edema.

What to do in case of injury or traumatic recovery?

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