Overview

80% of people will experience back pain during their lifetime. Most incidents occur when lifting the weight and at the same time turning to the side. However there are many examples where this can happen just when you, say, pick up a pen from the floor.

When you need to see a doctor

  • Strong back pain during 2 or 3 days
  • Pain makes you sleepless or you have interrupted sleep
  • Back pain with urinary pain
  • Pain accompanied by diarrhea or constipation
  • Pain appeared with no apparent reason
  • Pain during two weeks or more
  • Pain irradiates to the leg up to the knee or below
  • Pain with a temperature of 37.8 and above
  • Pain is accompanied by nausea or vomiting
  • Pain is accompanied by numbness of extremities

Reasons

  • Bad posture
  • Overweight
  • Pregnancy
  • Weight lifting
  • Injuries
  • Sedentary work: on front of the computer, in the car or in front of the machine
  • Trainings, sports injuries

Symptoms

The main symptom is a pain. It is necessary to identify whether the pain is local, or it irradiates to the leg or the head. Which movements can cause pain, which movements relieve it. How strong is it – acute, chronic, etc., and what is its nature.

Loss of functionality and limited movement it is also a symptom. What is lost in the movement, turning to the right or bending forward? It is important for the identification which anatomic structures have been affected. Where is the focus of inflammation? Can a person show a specific point or it’s an extensive line? Neurological symptoms, does it stab in the leg or head, numbness of the lower limbs.

Diagnosis

The following systemic and musculoskeletal pathologies can take place at pain in back

Possible musculoskeletal pathologies:
1. Spinal disc hernia
2. Strangulation of the roots of the spinal nerve
3. Vertebral subluxation
4. Spasm of back muscles
5. Fracture or fissure of vertebrae
6. Injuries

Possible systemic pathologies
1. Kidneys and urinary system diseases
2. Gastrointestinal tract diseases
3. Heart diseases
4. Impairment of respiratory system
5. Impairment of liver and gall bladder

Treatment

Everything will depend on the specific patient and his pathology. In severe cases, the patient may be referred to a family doctor or hospital for medical imaging (x-ray, MRI, ultrasound). If the symptoms are safe for the treatment, everything will depend on the degree of symptom severity.

Possible suitable methods of treatment: massage, manual therapy, acupuncture, cupping therapy, manual therapy.

Medical massage is a treatment option of soft and deep tissues, primarily focused on the change of soft tissues (skin, muscles, ligaments and joint capsule). Unlike general deep tissue massage, sports and Swedish massage, medical massage is focused on elimination of the specific dysfunction. Medical massage uses different methods to influence the locomotor and neuro-muscular system, such as: trigger points, traction-countertraction, post-isometric relaxation, visceral abdominal massage and others.

Manual therapy is an influence of the therapist on the patient through “hand techniques”. There are many different kinds, methods and directions. And each method has from a dozen to several hundred techniques. The main methods of manual therapy are classic, cranio-sacral, visceral and structural methods.

Acupuncture originates from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). This is the method of treatment whose history dates back more than 5000 years and which is still used today. Unlike intramuscular manual therapy, acupuncture is based on the idea of “body meridians” or energy flows, and works at the system level, affecting local and specified points. It is based on the use of needles, their length, direction and stimulation.

Cupping therapy is based on the vacuum effect caused by the local use of suction cups. The vacuum is created in the cup either by the air suction using a pump, or by burning sticks that are applied to this field for about 20 minutes. Many sportsmen use this technique for its ability to increase strength and endurance or tissues or during deoxidation program.

In order to find out what suits you, sign up for consultation.

Preventive measures

Keep your back straight. Straight posture correctly distributes the load on the spine, keeping it healthy.
Lift weights properly. When lifting weights, keep your back straight, bend your knees and lift weight with their help. Also use the support belt and, most importantly, do not be a hero, ask for help!

During sedentary work or driving sit straight, lean back and let the chair or armchair to support your back. Place the computer in front of your eyes so that you do not have to bend down. Use a roller for the lower back, this will allow the muscles to relax.

Your weight is the load on your spine. Overweight is an extra load on the spine. Watch your weight.
Spare no expense and buy orthopedic mattress, do not sleep with high pillows. Wear personal orthotics.

What to do for back pain?

  • Find the position where the pain subsides
  • Sit down and lean back
  • See a doctor or specialist

Make an appointment with a specialist!

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